Mongolia is a land of stunning open areas and mystical otherworldly grandeur. The nation’s nomadic residents have been crisscrossing backwards and forwards throughout the steppes for thousands of years, usually together with processions of yaks, horses, and precious livestock. Mongolian culture is both old and also legendary, the Realm of Genghis Khan is still unequaled as the biggest land empire in the history of the world.
For numerous centuries, the area was controlled by warring tribal factions, until eventually, a sequence of empires emerged, starting with the Xiongnu realm. Known as the Hun, they worried the Chinese so much that they were compelled to create the Great Wall of China to keep them out. In 1206, while under the leadership of Genghis Khan, the Mongol hordes dominated once again, pushing into Europe as far as Poland. Under Kublai Khan, the Mongolian Empire stretched as far east as the Korean peninsula, prior to eventually breaking up again into warring tribal clans. Mongolia is one of the earliest inhabited areas on earth with ancient pre-human homo erectus fossil remains and stone age artifacts pre-dating horse-riding nomadism frequently discovered.